Balance Beam

 

Skills are generally listed in order of appearance/Element # in the current COP. Skills not in the current COP are inserted within the appropriate group.


Format
*Gymnast/s, Year & Competition if known  (bolded if officially named for gymnast at some point)
Skill name/description — DV (Table of Elements #)  [IF in current COP]
Note/s if applicable

*Starred entries (still) credited to athlete in current COP


Group 1 – Mounts

Note that certain Mount elements (rolls, handstands and holds) may also/alternatively be performed within the routine. In fact, all such skills are now listed in the COP as Mounts by default (as opposed to under Group 4 – Holds and Acrobatic Non-Flight).

Frandofert, Malaussena, & Morel, 2010 Worlds
Switch-split leap — C (1.301)

Lee, 2011 Worlds
2 flying flairs — B (1.203)

*Baitova, 1987 Worlds
Two flank circles followed by leg flair — C (1.303)

Charlotte Pipe, 1988 Pacific Alliance / *Homma, 1989 Worlds
3 flying flairs — C (1.303)

Mitchell, 2008 Olympics
Cartwheel w. bending of both arms through chest stand to swingdown — A (1.108)

*Silivas, 1986 World Cup
Jump w. 1/2 turn over shoulder to neck stand, 1/2 turn to chest stand — B (1.208)

Moceanu, 1995 Worlds
Jump w. 1/2 turn over shoulder to neck stand, 1.5 turn to neck stand — C (1.308)

Rueda, 1988 Olympics / McCool, 2004 Olympics
Facing end of beam – jump to hstd w. hip angle to handspring fwd, land on 2 feet — C (1.309)

*Dunn, 1999 Worlds
RO at end of beam – Arabian walkover on — E (1.509)

Latynina & Manina, 1962 Worlds
Press to hstd — B (1.210)

*Shushunova, 1985 Worlds
Jump w. stretched hips to planche — C (1.311)

*Hand-Li Yifang
Jump/press/swing to hstd – 1/1 turn to hstd – lower to planche, clear pike support, or Release 1 hand w. swing down swd [Healy twirl to rear support] — D (1.411)
The original Hand-Li (see under Group 4 below) was a ‘Side hstd – Healy twirl to rear support.’ The reason for the “Hand-” prefix is unclear^, but the first “Li” to perform this skill in major competition was Li Yan at the 1989 Worlds. Li Li competed it at the 1990 World Cup and Li Yifang did it at the 1991 Worlds. (Only Li Li did it as a mount.) This first version was last listed in the 2001 COP…The current element first appeared in the 2006 COP. It was credited to Hand-Li in the 2007 edition, then Hand Li-Yifang in 2009. The biggest source of confusion, however, is that NO Li did the skill with a 1/1 (or any) turn in handstand…

^Note that the “Hand-” prefix may make the most sense if the skill was originally named for Li Li as she also debuted her back spin on beam (#3.308) at the same competition.

Richardson, 2000 Olympics
Reverse planche piked w. 1 leg bent — C (1.312)

*Phillips, 1987 Worlds
Press to side hstd – walkover fwd to side stand on both legs — D (1.412)

Lori Strong, 1987 Worlds
Press to side hstd – w. bending-stretching of legs, hop w. 1/4 turn to cross hstd (Lori hop) – B (1.213)

*Rankin, 1987 Worlds
Jump to hstd on 1 arm — D (1.413)

Lowing, 1987 Worlds
Press to side hstd – shift weight to 1 arm – lowering to clear straddle support on 1 arm — D (1.413)
Last credited in 2006 COP

Laura Edwards, 2010 Commonwealth Games
Stand w. back to beam, jump bwd to inverted forearm support on beam — C (1.314)
Edwards submitted this as a new element @ the 2011 Worlds, but according to the FIG it is essentially the same as Beukes skill.

*Beukes, 2007 Worlds
From rear stand, FF over beam to land in front support — C (1.314)

*Gurova, 1987 Worlds
RO from side of beam – FF w. 1/2 turn to near side hstd — C (1.314)

Priakhina, 1986 Jr. Europeans / *Zamolodchikova, 2004 Olympics (‘baby’ Zamo in 1996)
RO from side of beam — FF w. 1/1 twist to hip circle bwd — E (1.514)

Mocanu, 1993 International Junior Competition / Poulin, 1994 Worlds?
Front tuck to land on 1 leg in extended tuck cross sit w. support of hands behind hips — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2001 COP — C (1.314)

Filatova, 1976 Olympics
Free aerial walkover fwd to rear support – 90° approach to beam — B (1.215)

Fan Di, 1989 Worlds
Piked front salto to rear support - 90° approach to beam — n/a
Last listed in 1993 COP — D (1.408)

Zackarova, 1979 Moscow World Stars
Front tuck — D (1.416)

Zeis, 1980 USGF International Invitational (‘Alternate Games’)
Front pike — E (1.516)

*Wong, 2012 Olympics
Front tuck w. 1/2 twist — F (1.616)

Melissa Chan & Courtney Bumpers, 2000 American Classic
Tucked barani — n/a

Katrin Kewitz, 1999 Worlds
Handspring fwd at end of beam – Front tuck on — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2005 COP — D (1.414)

*Erceg, 2005 Worlds
RO at end of beam – Arabian salto on — G (1.716)

Gnauck, 1981 Worlds
RO at end of beam – FF on — C (1.317)

Milosovici, 1991 Worlds
RO at end of beam – Chen-flic on — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2001 COP — C (1.315)

Ferrazzi, 1994 Brisbane Worlds (attempted) / *Tsavdaridou, 1996 Worlds
RO at end of beam – Rulfova on — D (1.417)

Luconi, 1987 Worlds
RO at end of beam – FF w. 1/1 twist on – E (1.517)
Last credited in 2007 COP

Yurchenko, 1985 Worlds
RO at end of beam – LOSO on — D (1.418)

Garrison, 1985 Worlds
RO at end of beam – back tuck w. 1/1 twist on — F (1.618)

*Garrison / Sasada, 2009 AYOF, 2013 Worlds
RO at end of beam – back layout w. 1/1 twist on — G (1.718)
The FIG has always (and only) credited Garrison w. the layout version of her mount, but she always did it clearly tucked.

Maaranen, 2005 Europeans
Jump w. 1/2 turn to back tuck — n/a


Group 2 – Gymnastic Leaps, Jumps and Hops

Henrich, 1989 Worlds
Split jump in side position w. rear leg bent — B (2.202)
Last credited in 2001 COP

*Yang Bo, 1989 Worlds
Jump to oversplit w. back arched and head dropped (from cross stand) — D (2.402)

*Teza II, 1997 Worlds
Yang Bo from sidestand — E (2.502)

*Furnon, 1997 Worlds
Straddle jump to front support and hip circle bwd — n/a
Last listed in 2007 COP — A (2.104)

Kovalyova, 1998 Europeans
Straddle jump w. 3/4 twist to front support — n/a
Last listed in 2007 COP — B (2.204)

Martinez, 2001 American Cup
Straddle jump w. 1/1 twist to front support — n/a
Last listed in 2007 COP — C (2.304)

Hill, 1994 Brisbane Worlds
Straddle pike jump w. 1/2 turn from cross position — B (2.203)
Last credited in 2001 COP

Borden, 1994 Dortmund Worlds
Straddle pike (or side split) jump w. 1/2 turn from side position — B (2.203)
Last credited in 2001 COP

Submitted by Van Gerner @ 2011 Worlds – Not Performed Successfully
Switch leap w. 1/1 turn — E

*Johnson (Brandy Johnson only did this leap on floor, not beam)
Switch leap w. 1/4 turn to straddle pike (Johnson) — C (2.306)

Bergamelli, Croak, Skinner & Slater, 2000 Olympics
Switch leap w. 1/4 turn to front support — n/a
Last listed in 2006 COP — C (2.306)

*Sekerova, 2000 Olympics
Pike jump from side position w. 1/2 turn — B (2.207)

Tanya Maiers, 1993 American Classic / Traci Sommer, 1993 / Yuka Arai, 1994 Worlds
Sheep jump — D (2.408)

Pang Panpan, 2006 Worlds
Switch leap to Yang-Bo position (body arched, head dropped bwd) — n/a
Last listed in 2007 COP — E (2.509). Last credited in 2006, per WTC newsletter #25.

Presecan, 1994 Dortmund Worlds / Liu Xuan, 1997 Worlds
Switch leap to ring position — E (2.508)

Yezhova, 2002 Worlds
Stretched jump w. 1.5 turn — C (2.309)

Produnova, 1999 American Cup
Switch leap to wolf position — A (2.112)

White, 1999 Worlds
Wolf jump w. 1/2 turn from side position — B (2.212)
Last credited in 2001 COP


Group 3 – Gymnastic Turns

Bangerter, 1987? / *Okino, 1991 Worlds
Triple turn — E (3.501)

*Preziosa, 2011 Worlds
1/1 turn w. free leg held bwd w. both hands — D (3.402)

Cuncova
1/1 turn w. free leg held w. hand above horizontal from start to end of turn — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2006 COP — C (3.304)

*Wevers, 2010 Worlds
2/1 turn w. heel of free leg fwd at horizontal — E (3.503)

Yulia Ishkulova & Ksenia Bogdonova, 1999 Russian Nationals
1/1 turn w. free leg held at 180° split — C (3.304)

*Galante, 2009 Worlds (originally mistakenly attributed to Preziosa, 2009 Worlds)
1.5 turn w. free leg held at 180° split — D (3.404)

*Humphrey, 2004 Olympics
2.5 turn in tuck stand w. free leg at horizontal — E (3.507)

*Mitchell, 2010 Worlds
3/1 turn in tuck stand on 1 leg — E (3.507)

*Li Li, 1990 World Cup
1-1/4 back spin in kip position — C (3.308)

Talavera, 1981 Worlds
1 leg circle w. “flair” – legs separated (Talavera Flair) — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2001 COP — C (3.308)

Voigt, 1981 Worlds
1 flank circle, legs together (Voigt flank) — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2001 COP — B (3.208)


Group 4 – Holds and Acrobatic Non-Flight

Furnon / Preziosa, 2009 Worlds
Stand on 1 leg w. foot of free leg in fwd hold above head — A (4.102)

Rankin, 1989 Worlds?
Press to cross or side hstd on 1 arm, 1/4 turn to hstd on both arms, cross “step” to 1 arm hstd, lowering to clear straddle support on 1 arm — n/a
Last/only listed and credited in 1993 COP — C (5.307)

Strazheva, 1986 Jr. Europeans / Hand-Li: Li Yan, 1989 Worlds?, Li Li, 1990 World Cup?, Li Yifang, 1991 Worlds?
Side hstd – release 1 hand w. swing down sideward to side sit, back lying or other end position [Healy twirl to rear support] — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2001 COP — C (5.307). See Hand-Li Yifang mount above for additional information.

*Garrison, 1985 Worlds
Shoulder roll fwd w/o hand support (Garrison roll) — B (4.205)

Bosakova, 1956 Olympics
Cartwheel — A (4.108)

*Tinsica
Front walkover w. alternate hand support — A (4.109)

Kanyo, 1978 Worlds
Back walkover in side position to split across beam — n/a

Shaposhnikova, 1978 Worlds
1-arm hstd – shift weight sideways to planche — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2005 COP — D (5.407)

Valdez
From extended tuck sit – walkover bwd — B (4.211)

Brandy Johnson, 1989 Worlds
Valdez w. full pirouette [Diamidov] — C (4.311)

*Garrison, 1986 World Cup
“Valdez” swing through horizontal plane on 1 arm — C (4.311)

Shannay Gentle
Manna dislocate to split hstd walkout — n/a


Group 5 – Acrobatic Flight

Kivisto, 2003 US Classic
From a straddle sit, cast and whip to front salto in straddle position to land on the hands in a cross straddle sit (“Kivisto flip”) — n/a

Janz, Zuchold & Caslavska, 1968 Olympics
Front handspring — B (5.201)

Zsuzsa Csisztu & Makiko Sanada, 1989 Worlds
Switch-leg front handspring — C (5.301)

Mostepanova, 1983 Worlds / *Onodi, 1989 Worlds
Arabian handspring — D (5.401)
From the September 2008 issue of International Gymnast, p.7: “According to Olga Mostepanova of the Soviet Union, this skill probably was not submitted to the FIG [in 1983] simply because it wasn’t one of her hardest elements. ‘I think this element went unnoticed because, for me, it was performed together with other elements which were much more complicated, and it is more beautiful…By the way, this element was done long before me, on floor exercise. I was [just] the first to do it on beam.’”

Thus the Arabian handspring on beam did not appear in the Code until it was submitted by Onodi in 1989, although Onodi herself has said that she and her teammates called the skill the “Mostie.”

Van de Leur, 2005 Worlds
One-armed Onodi — D (5.401)

Gael Mackie, 2002 Pacific Alliance Championships
Onodi tic-toc — D (5.401)

Vandisheva
Gainer Onodi — n/a

*Worley, 2007 Worlds
Jump bwd w. 1/2 turn, front hsp to land on 2 feet — D (5.403)

Miller, 1993 Worlds
FF w. 1/4 twist to hstd – immediate 1/2 turn — D or E?
This skill remains a source of confusion and debate. For one thing, was the the 1/2 turn supposed to be a hop or a pirouette? (Miller always performed it as a very quick pirouette.) What IS clear is that it was never actually named for Miller, despite the repeated claims by TV commentators and others. From the June/July 1998 issue of International Gymnast, in response to a reader letter, the publication’s editor writes: “The skill you are referring to was never listed in the Code of Points as a “Miller,” according to Jackie Fie, Women’s Technical Committee President of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG).”

*Omelianchik, 1986 World Cup
FF w. 3/4 twist to side hstd — D (5.404)
In the 1989 and 1993 codes, the Omelianchik was listed as: FF w. 1/4 twist to side hstd — C (5.304)

Zuchold, 1964 GDR Championships / 1966 Worlds
Flic-flac [FF; Back handspring] — B (5.205)

Zabrzova, 1989 EuropeansKobelinsky, 1991 Worlds
FF dive bwd to neck kip (cradle) — n/a
Last listed and credited in 1993 COP — B (7.215)

*Kochetkova, 1994 Brisbane Worlds
FF w. full twist — D (5.405)

Myasnikova, 2005 EYOF
FF w. full twist to hstd – walkover fwd — n/a

Vasta, 2003 Worlds
FF w. full twist, swing down w. 1/2 turn to cross straddle sit — n/a

Wu Jiani, 1981 WorldsYurchenko, 1982 World Cup (1st competed at 1979 Spartakiade)
Side ff to back hip circle under beam (Yurchenko loop) — C (5.306)

Goryunova, 1987 Batumi / Groshkova, 1989 Chunichi / *Tousek, 1999 Worlds
FF w. step-out from sidestand — D (5.406)

Ezhova, 1998 Europeans / *Kolesnikova, 2000 Olympics / *Kochetkova
Jump from side position w. 1/2 twist to side hstd — D (5.406)

Sandra Botnen, late 1980s / *Teza I, 1995 Worlds
FF from side position w. full twist to hip circle bwd — E (5.506)

Silivas, 1989 Worlds
Switch-leg gainer FF — n/a

*Khorkina I, 1994 Brisbane Worlds
Gainer FF w. full twist — D (5.407)

*Korbut, 1972 Olympics
FF w. high flight phase to swingdown — B (5.208)

Heidi Anderson, 1979 Moscow News / Spivey, 1986 / Scherr, 1989 U.S. Olympic Festival / Chen, 1989 Worlds
Korbut w. tucking and stretching of legs (Chen-flic) — n/a
Last listed and credited in 1997 COP — C (7.312)

Shahaf & Cousineau, 1994 Brisbane Worlds
Gainer Chen flic — n/a
Listed and credited only in 1997 COP — C (7.312)

*Rueda, 1991 Worlds
Korbut w. piking and stretching of body — C (5.308)

*Rulfova, 1981 Worlds
Full-twisting FF to swingdown — D (5.408)

Priakhina, 1986 Chunichi Cup
Gainer Rulfova — n/a

Lothrop, 2009 PKI / Gardiner, 2010 Youth Olympic Games
Side aerial w. change of legs — D (5.409)
Element determined to be a “variation” of basic side aerial, not new skill, so Gardiner did not receive name credit. See How Skills Get Named for further info.

Hartung, 2004 American Classic Team Cup / Pugh, 2005 American Cup / Kardos, 2011 Massilia / *Colussi Pelaez, 2013 Worlds
Side aerial across width of beam — E (5.509)

Memmel, 2003 WorldsBieger, 2006 Worlds
Tucked barani – take off from 2 feet — E (5.509)
Last credited in 2006, per WTC newsletter #25

Kovalyova, 1998 International 3 on 3 Memmel, 2005 Worlds
Piked barani – take off from 2 feet — E (5.509)
Last credited in 2006 COP

Burda, 1971 USSR Cup (possibly competed skill as early as 1968)
Front aerial — D (5.410)

Haug, 1983 Europeans
Swing-through front aerial — n/a

Roschupkina, 1998 Europeans
Front aerial w. 1/4 turn — n/a

Poulin, 1994 Worlds
Tucked front salto from both legs to extended tuck sit — n/a
Last listed and credited in 2001 COP — B (8.201)

Szabo, 1985 Worlds / *Portocarerro, 1992 Worlds
Front aerial to land on 1 foot in extended tuck sit w/o hand support — n/a
Last listed, and formerly last credited, in 2001 COP — B (8.201)…showed up in Names list w. 2013 COP

Humphrey, 2000 U.S. Jr. Nationals
Tucked front salto from 1 leg — C (5.311)

Davydova, 1976? / Dombeck, 1976 Olympics
Tucked front salto — D (5.411)

Afanasyeva, et al., 2008 Olympics
Front aerial to back arabesque (scale) — n/a
Last listed in 2008 COP update — D (5.419). Submitted by 10 women at Olympics: Afanasyeva, Semynova, Dragoi, Izbasa, Tamirjan, Hindermann, Bismpicou, Dugain, Lindor, & Mys.

Nistor, 2007 Worlds
Front salto tucked w. take off from 1 foot to scale — n/a
Last listed in 2007 COP — D (5.419)

*Liukin, 2008 Olympics
Front salto piked w. take off from 1 foot to scale — n/a
Last listed in 2008 COP update — D (5.419)

Retton, 1982 US Jr. Nationals
Front salto piked — E (5.511)

*Grigoras, 1980 Olympics
Front salto tucked w. 1/2 twist — F (5.611)

Sui Lu, 2010 Chinese Nationals
Front salto piked w. 1/2 twist — n/a

Davydova, 1976 American Cup
Tucked side salto — D (5.412)

Dusserre, 1984 Caesar’s Palace Invitational
Gainer side salto — n/a

Bieger, 2004 Jr. US Classic
Tucked side salto from knee — n/a

Lindsay Wing, 1997 American Cup / Karpenko, 1998 Europeans / Lobazniuk, 1999 Worlds (first competed at 1997 International Junior Competition?)
Arabian salto tucked — F (5.612)

Korbut, 1969 USSR Nationals / Korbut & Thies, 1972 Olympics
Tucked back salto — C (5.313)

Dobre, 1974 Worlds
Layout step-out (LOSO) — C (5.313)

Laschenova, 1986 Belgian Gym Masters
Layout to 2 feet — E (5.513)

Szabo, 1982 Ennia Cup & Bileck, 1982 USGF competition (from cartwheel) / *Shishova, 1983 Worlds (from RO)
Back salto tucked w. full twist — F (5.613)

Voinea, 1985 Riga International
Gainer tuck full — n/a

Chow, 1996 US Olympic Trials
Salto bwd piked w. full twist — n/a
Last listed in 2009 COP — F (5.613)

Dudnik, 1989 American Cup
Layout back salto w. full twist — G (5.713)

Khorkina, 1995 European Cup
Gainer layout full — n/a
The above link is to video of Khorkina warming up the skill. She fell on it in the competition. She again attempted it several times in 2001, including at Cottbus and Goodwill Games, but, to my knowledge, only made it in one competition, the 2001 Moscow Stars of the World.

Betsy Hamm, 1997 J.O. Nationals1998 NCAA Championships
Layout step-out w. full twist — n/a
Hamm (older sister of Paul & Morgan) also competed Elite briefly – she was at the 1998 U.S. Nationals, but didn’t compete this skill there.

Gnauck, 1980 Olympics
Gainer salto bwd tucked — C (5.314)

Mercer, 1989 Worlds
Switch-leg gainer layout — n/a

*Produnova, 1995 Worlds
Jump fwd w. 1/2 twist to back salto piked — E (5.514)

Maaranen, 2007 Worlds
Jump fwd w. 1/2 twist to back salto tucked — E (5.514)
Last credited in 2007 COP.

 


Group 6 – Dismounts

Escher, 1976 Olympics
Free aerial walkover fwd w. 1.5 twist — C (6.301)

*Nellie Kim II, 1980 Olympics
Free aerial cartwheel into salto bwd tucked — D (6.401)
Retroactively named w. 2009 COP. Last listed in 1989 code, skill reappeared in 2013 ed…

Keiko Ikeda, 1962 Worlds
Salto fwd tucked — A (6.102)

Targas
1.5-twisting fwd salto from 2 feet — C (6.302)
Last/only credited in 1997 COP

Bi Wenjing, 1996 Olympics / *Araujo
Double-twisting salto fwd stretched from 2 feet — D (6.402)
Credited to Bi in the 1997 COP…Renamed the Araujo as of the 2001 COP.

Grigoras, 1980 World Cup
Double salto fwd tucked — F (6.602)

Fritzinger, 1998 Parkette Invitational / *Patterson, 2003 Worlds (competed since 2001)
Double Arabian salto tucked — G (6.703)

Caslavska, 1962 Worlds
Tucked back salto — A (6.104)

Caslavska, 1964 Olympics
Layout back salto — A (6.104)

Caslavska, 1968 Olympics
Full-twisting back layout — B (6.204)

Ma Yanhong, 1980 Alternate Games / *Dominguez, 2010 Youth Olympic Games
Salto bwd tucked w. 1.5 twist — C (6.304)

Davydova, 1973 (from FF) / Comaneci, 1975 Europeans (from cartwheel)
Double-twisting back layout — C (6.304)

Dusserre, 1982 / Cervenkova, 1983 Worlds
Triple-twisting back layout — F (6.604)

Shaposhnikova (fell) & Mukhina, 1977 World Cup
Tucked double back — D (6.405)

Filatova, 1977 World Cup
Piked double back — E (6.505)

Jiang Wei, 1980 USA vs. China / Szabo, 1982 Jr. Europeans / Shishova & Frolova, 1983 Worlds
Tucked full-in — G (6.705)

Kosuge, 1989 American CupStovbchataya, 1989 USSR Nationals
Piked full-in — G (6.705)

Szilinsky, 1983 Europeans
Piked Tsukahara — n/a
Last listed in 1985 COP — C (9.49)

*Lubica Bohmerova, 1997 Worlds?
Layout Gainer salto w. full twist to side of beam — B (6.206)

Fana Fuhrmann & Jentsch, 1985 Worlds
Double-twisting Gainer to side of beam — C (6.306)

Ashley Kelly, 2001 American Cup / *Khorkina II, 2001 Worlds
Gainer layout w. 2.5 twist — D (6.406)

Amelie Plante, 2002 Worlds (attempt, landed short)
Gainer layout w. 3/1 twist — F (6.606)

*Nellie Kim I, 1976 Olympics
Gainer salto tucked w. full twist from end of beam — C (6.307)
Retroactively named w. 2007 COP

Hofland, 2011 / *Steingruber, 2011 Worlds
Layout Gainer salto w. full twist from end of beam — E (6.507)

 


Links last checked: 2/19/12

 Leave a Reply

(required)

(required)

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

© 2012 WAG Firsts Suffusion theme by Sayontan Sinha